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Tag Archives: Boxing

Lord Camelford: Gentleman Thug (Part One)

They say “Money doesn’t buy class.

This was certainly true of Thomas Pit, the 2nd Baron of Camelford; an obnoxious figure from the late 18th century who by all accounts was a thug, a bully and, as those at the time described him, a “desperate bruiser. 

Thomas Pitt, 2nd Baron Camelford

Pitt was born in Cornwall in 1775. His father, also called Thomas, owned property on Hanover Square and was a career politician who eventually gained a peerage to the House of Lords. 

The young Pitt was educated at Charterhouse School (which was then located close to Smithfield Market but has since moved to Surrey) but he soon grew bored of education and, against his father’s wishes, decided instead to pursue a career in the Royal Navy.

Aged just 16, Pitt signed up to join the crew of the HMS Discovery which had been tasked with exploring America’s Pacific coast. 

HMS Victory by Mark Mysers (from Blue World Web Museum)

During the long voyage Pitt proved to be quite a handful.

As well as smashing a delicate navigational device he also slept on duty, dabbled in illicit trade and pursued amorous liaisons with native islanders; activities which were strictly forbidden. 

For these misdemeanours the ship’s Captain, George Vancouver (after who the Canadian city is named), had Pitt flogged and was eventually forced to have him placed in irons.

Although harsh, such punishments were not unusual at the time and what appeared to infuriate Pitt most was the fact he was made to sit shackled alongside his more ‘common’ shipmates. 

A portrait by an unknown artist of a figure believed to be Captain George Vancouver (image: Wikipedia)

Unable to cope with such ruthless authority, Pitt was discharged whilst docked in Hawaii and had no other choice but to find his own way home.

Whilst away, his father died meaning the peerage was passed on; an inheritance which ensured the young tearaway was officially a Lord by the time he finally made it back to London. 

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In 1795 Captain Vancouver also returned to London. His expedition had been utterly gruelling- out of 153 men, only 6 had made it back.

Vancouver settled in Petersham, south-west London where he hoped to enjoy the view from Richmond Hill and pursue the quiet life: a simple desire which was soon blighted when Thomas Pitt discovered his old commander was back in town. 

The view from Richmond Hill (Google Street View)

Hellbent on revenge, the newly made Lord sent a letter to his former tormentor which was packed with insults and challenged him to a duel; a bout which he hoped would “Give him satisfaction for his injuries.

When Vancouver refused, Pitt vowed to track him down in person, finally succeeding in September 1796 when he cornered his nemesis on Conduit Street (which branches off of Regent Street )and administered a ferocious beating with a cane.

The attack, which became popular gossip in London after being satirised in a cartoon, left an already weakened Vancouver in very poor health and he passed away soon after.

Pitt however faced no repercussions, largely due to his privileged connections. 

‘The Caning on Conduit Street’: A satirical view of Lord Camelford’s attack on Captain Vancouver.

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Following this encounter, Pitt continued to exude a violent nature which struck fear in many Londoners.

He was especially fond of roaming the streets in search of potential crooks and troublemakers to rough up; a pastime known as ‘Boxing the Watch’.

In one incident he battered a tollgate keeper black and blue after claiming to have been given counterfeit pennies in change- a trifling sum for a man of such wealth. 

Pitt’s fearsome reputation was further bolstered by his dog, ‘Trusty’; a bull-terrier brutalised into becoming a champion fighting dog.

During his career, Trusty endured 104 bouts and remained unbeaten. Pitt later gifted his prized pet to ‘Fighting Jim Belcher’; the celebrated bare-knuckle boxer, explaining that “The only unconquered man was the only fit master for the only unconquered dog.”

Fortunately, it appears Trusty received kinder treatment from Jim and was able to live out his days in the Jolly Brewers, a former Wardour Street pub taken over by the boxer in his retirement. 

Portrait of Jim Belcher (by Benjamin Marshall), the boxer to who Lord Camelford gifted his dog ‘Trusty’- who can be seen in the background (image: Tate Gallery)

For Thomas Pitt, the 2nd Baron of Camelford however there would be a great deal more violence, controversy and murder to follow…

To be continued…

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The Pride of Poplar Returns… London’s Latest Statue

On Friday 16th May 2014 London acquired its latest statue… a sculpture of Teddy Baldock, the East End lad who rose to fame in the 1920s by becoming Britain’s youngest ever boxing world champion- an accolade which remains to this day.

Teddy Baldock... London's latest public artwork.

Teddy Baldock… London’s latest public artwork.

As promised in an earlier post about Teddy’s life and career (please click here to read), here are some photographs from the unveiling…

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Teddy’s statue stands directly opposite Langdon Park Community Sports College which is situated beside Landgon Park DLR station.

Langdon Park DLR. Teddy's statue stands just to the right of this view.

Langdon Park DLR. Teddy’s statue stands just to the right of this view.

The weather on the day was glorious… and as 3pm approached, a large crowd gathered to witness the ceremony.

A crowd gather to see Teddy's statue unveiled.

A crowd gather to see Teddy’s statue unveiled.

Until the moment arrived, the statue (sculpted by Staffordshire based artist, Carl Payne) was draped in a golden shroud… which threatened to billow off with the wind on more than one occasion!

Before the unveiling...

Before the unveiling…

The statue was finally unveiled by Pam Baldock; Teddy’s daughter.

Pam Baldock unveils the statue of her father.

Pam Baldock unveils the statue of her father.

Although wee on first impressions, the statue of Teddy is in fact life-sized…he was a tough little fighter!

Teddy Baldock

Teddy Baldock

A plaque on the statue’s plinth informs the public of Teddy’s achievements.

Teddy's plaque

Teddy’s plaque

After the unveiling, a group of ex-boxers gathered beneath Teddy’s statue for a fun photo-shoot.

Former boxers gather in honour of Teddy Baldock.

Former boxers gather in honour of Teddy Baldock.

When he died in the early 1970s Teddy was a tragic figure; penniless, homeless and long-forgotten, his funeral poorly attended.

However, thanks to the wonderful campaigning carried out by his grandson, Martin, the legacy of one of the East End’s finest sons has been revived; the huge turnout for the unveiling  bearing testament to Teddy’s achievements.

As well as the statue, Teddy’s memory will now live on in the Teddy Baldock Sports Benevolent Fund; a charity which supports former sportspeople who have been disabled by physical or mental injury or are suffering from general hardship. Please click here for more information.

statue 3

Teddy Baldock, the ‘Pride of Poplar’. 1907-1971.

 

From Prayer to Palestra: The Ring at Blackfriars

In the clearing stands a boxer

And a fighter by his trade

And he carries the reminders

Of every glove that laid him down

Or cut him till he cried out

In his anger and his shame

‘I am leaving, I am leaving’

But the fighter still remains…”

(From ‘The Boxer’, Simon and Garfunkel, 1968)

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From the ancient Roman amphitheatre to the recent 2012 Olympic village, London has been home to an impressive array of sporting venues over the centuries.

One such arena, now sadly long vanished, was ‘The Ring; a boxing stadium which once stood on Blackfriars Road in Southwark.

The Ring, Blackfriars. Image from 'Wonderful London', 1926

The Ring, Blackfriars (Image from ‘Wonderful London’, 1926)

Although established as a boxing venue in 1910, the actual building dated all the way back to 1783; originally designed as a chapel by the Reverend Rowland Hill- who reportedly opted for the unusual, circular design so that there would be no corners in which the devil could hide….

The Reverend Rowland Hill (Image: Wikipedia)

The Reverend Rowland Hill (Image: Wikipedia)

Decades later, the man responsible for overseeing the chapel’s conversion from prayer to pugilism was Dick Burge, a former English Middleweight champion who hailed from Cheltenham in Gloucestershire.

Dick Burge in his fighting days.

Dick Burge in his prime.

Dick retired from the noble art in 1900 but, whilst living on Wiltshire Road in Brixton, he soon found himself encountering financial difficulties.

Foolishly, he sought to remedy his woes by participating in a huge Liverpool-based bank fraud which involved a risky mixture of cheque forgery and high-stakes racecourse gambling.

The scam was soon rumbled and Dick was arrested in October 1901; just one month after he’d married his wife Bella at Brixton registry office.

Tried and found guilty for his part in the crime, the former boxer was sentenced to ten years hard labour.

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Eight years into Dick’s sentence, a violent prison riot erupted.

During the chaos, Dick- who had already proved himself to be a well behaved, model prisoner- courageously risked his neck in order to save a guard whose life was under threat from the rampaging mob.

Thanks to this commendable redemption, Dick was released from prison two years early and promptly vowed to return to a more law-abiding life.

Dick Burge (image: The RIng website)

Dick Burge (image: The Ring website)

Supported by his wife Bella, who had stuck by her man throughout the prison term, Dick succeeded in renting out the old, circular chapel on Blackfriars Road.

1860s map depicting the chapel which would later become The Ring boxing venue...

1860s map depicting the chapel which would later become The Ring boxing venue. Charlotte Street is now known as Union Street.

By this point, Rowland Hill’s old place of worship had fallen into use as a warehouse and was in a very sorry state.

Undeterred by the task ahead, Dick and Bella enlisted the help of local homeless people to clean out the building and transform it into a state fit for presenting boxing to the public.

The Ring opened on the 14th May 1910, quickly attracting keen crowds- and with the Blackfriars arena staging events four to five times a week, there was certainly plenty for fight fans to indulge in.

Not forgetting the help they’d received from London’s homeless, Dick and Bella set up a soup kitchen which they ran from the building during the quieter daytime hours.

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Just four years after The Ring opened, The Great War erupted and Dick, never one to shy away from a fight, enlisted with the First Surrey Rifles.

Tragically, the former boxer contracted pneumonia in 1918 and died a few months short of the war’s end.

By this point, he had become a very popular character and some 2,000 mourners attended his funeral at St Marylebone Church. Following the ceremony, Dick’s body was taken to Golders Green for cremation.

St Marylebone Church

St Marylebone Church (image: Google Streeview)

The death of Dick Burge however didn’t spell the end of the boxing venue.

On his death bed, Dick had asked his beloved Bella to ensure that she kept their business going. Not wishing to let her husband down, and having practically run the venue since Dick’s enlistment in 1915, Bella promised her husband that she would do so; a vow which essentially resulted in her becoming the world’s first female boxing promoter.

Bella Burge

Bella Burge (image: The Ring website)

Bella was a tough cookie; a New Yorker by birth who, aged four, had come to London with her mother following the death of her father.

Like her late husband, Bella knew how to put on a good show- she’d worked on the stage and had also been the dresser to one of music hall’s greatest performers; Marie Lloyd; a star with whom Bella became close friends.

Marie Lloyd

Marie Lloyd

When it came to running the Blackfriars boxing arena, Bella was purely hands on, involving herself in every aspect of the venue’s smooth running- right down to personally booting out drunken troublemakers.

Much loved by the local community, the pioneering promoter soon earned an affectionate nickname; ‘Bella of Blackfriars.

'Bella of Blackfriars'- cover of a 1961 book detailing the life of Bella Burge.

‘Bella of Blackfriars’- cover of a 1961 book detailing the life of Bella Burge.

So successful was The Ring under Bella’s leadership that, in 1928, the Prince of Wales- who was a keen fan of the noble art- decided to pop by and enjoy an evening’s boxing at the Ring; the main fight that night being between two highly regarded fighters; Manchester’s Len Johnson and Birmingham’s Jack Hood.

Jack Hood (left) and Len Johnson (right) who boxed at The Ring in the presence of the Prince of Wales.

Jack Hood (left) and Len Johnson (right) who boxed at The Ring in the presence of the Prince of Wales.

During his visit, the Prince was greeted by loud chants of “for he’s a jolly good fellow!” which was rather ironic considering he would later go on to become King Edward VIII; the monarch whose 1936 abdication threw the monarchy into crisis…

The controversial King Edward VIII who enjoyed a night at The RIng in his more carefree days...

The controversial King Edward VIII who enjoyed a night at The RIng in his more carefree days…

In 1932, The Ring added more strings to its bow when it added wrestling to the bill…. and the odd Shakespeare play, performed by the local Bankside Players drama group.

A 1930s London Transport advert name-checking The Ring.

A 1930s London Transport advert listing wrestling at The Ring.

By by the late 1930s  however and with the clouds of WWII looming, The Ring began to experience fiscal problems which soon became so tough, Bella was forced to pawn her jewellery and other valuables in order to pay the venue’s staff.

Sadly, her stoic attempts would prove to be in vain.

At the height of the Blitz, one night in October 1940, The Ring suffered a direct hit.

The Ring in ruins (image: Nickel in the Machine website)

The Ring in ruins (image: Nickel in the Machine website)

The 18th century building, which Bella had steered to greatness after a promise to her dying husband years before, was wiped out in a flash.

Smashed trams standing opposite the bombed Ring (image: Nickel in the Machine)

Smashed trams on Blackfriars Road, a few yards away from the bombed Ring (image: Nickel in the Machine)

To this day, substantial damage from the raid which blasted the popular boxing venue, is still clearly visible beneath the railway bridge spanning Blackfriars Road.

Blackfriars bomb damage, just across the road from the former Ring venue.

Blackfriars bomb damage, just across the road from the former Ring venue.

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Years later in 1958, Bella Burge was invited onto an early episode of This is Your Life and, in 1961, a book about her entitled ‘Bella of Blackfriars’ was published and serialized in newspapers (the cover of the book can be viewed earlier in this article).

Bella Burge on 'This is Your Life', 1958 (image: Big Red Book website).

Bella Burge on ‘This is Your Life’, 1958 (image: Big Red Book website).

The formidable lady died in 1962, aged 85.

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The Ring bombsite remained in tatters until the 1960s when a modern office block named ‘Orbit House’ was constructed over the ruins. Orbit House became home to the India Office’s library and archive (now housed in the British Library).

Orbit House as seen from Union Street (image: Rebecca Allen).

Orbit House (right of picture) as seen from Union Street (image: Rebecca Allen).

By 1998 this block had also plunged into ruin and, in the first decade of the 21st century, Orbit House was demolished and replaced by an ultra-modern structure called ‘The Palestra’.

The Palestra

The Palestra

Quite fittingly, Palestra is an Ancient Greek term denoting a public arena for wrestling.

The futuristic office complex is now the HQ for Transport for London… something which I’m sure commuters will appreciate considering how much of a fight it can be contending with tubes and buses during the height of the rush hour!

As the base for Transport for London, the Palestra is also the venue where those studying The Knowledge of London (the intense training course you must pass in order to become a London cabbie) attend their ‘appearances’; verbal examinations which are a true wrestle for the mind!

To find out more about my own experience of this process, please click here.

As well as the Palestra’s referential name, a few subtle reminders of Dick and Bella’s much beloved arena can be found nearby.

About half a mile away, in a rather forlorn, windswept section of the Southbank complex (just off of Belvedere Road, near the Purcell Room), a simple mosaic of Bella Burge can be seen embedded into the pavement.

Bella Burge Mosaic, Southbank.

Bella Burge Mosaic, Southbank.

Another mosaic in the set depicts Ernie Izzard; a boxer who lived in Herne Hill and cut his teeth at the Blackfriars ring. Other local heros- including Daley Thompson and Kevin Spacey- can also be glimpsed on this understated walk of fame.

Ernie Izzard mosaic

Ernie Izzard mosaic

Closer to the Palestra itself, you’ll find The Ring boxing gym on Ewer Street and, right across the road from where the legendary arena once stood, there’s The Ring pub; a boozer which boasts an array of boxing memorabilia… the perfect place to raise a toast to one of London’s most fascinating, lost sports venues.

The Ring pub

The Ring pub

To see The Ring in action, please click the short clip below, which includes footage of a 1930 bout between Charles Desmet and Jim Shippen.